Wednesday, September 30, 2009

Morocco

US 1930. PC: Paramount D: Josef von Sternberg. DP: Lee Garmes. CAST: Marlene Dietrich, Gary Cooper. Print: UCLA. Viewed at Cinema Orion, Helsinki, 29 Sep 2009. - From this masterpiece I revisited just the "Quand l'amour meurt" sequence with Marlene clad in top hat kissing a woman. - Brilliant restoration by UCLA with great scale of black and white, but there is probably difficulty in the source material, with a loss of detail and finesse, as the rightholders burned the original elements reportedly in the 1950s.

Saturday, September 26, 2009

Gake no ue no Ponyo

Ponyo rantakalliolla / Ponyo på klippan vid havet / Ponyo. JP (c) 2008 Studio Ghibli. Hand-drawn and painted anime D+SC: Hayao Miyazaki. 101 min. Released by Cinema Mondo both in an original version and an edition dubbed into Finnish (Pekka Lehtosaari). Viewed at Tennispalatsi 3, 26 Sep 2009 (dubbed version). - An analogue look. - Hayao Miyazaki belongs also to the film artists whose new film I always look forward to, and Ponyo is no disappointment. - Miyazaki tells now a more simple and elemental fairy-tale, which is also suitable for quite small children. - The elements now include the sea and the wind. - The metamorphosis of the little goldfish Ponyo that turns human upsets the balance of the world. This is the story of the great flood, the tsunami. The little boy Sosuke plays a crucial role in it. - The story seems quite original despite the official inspiration of H.C. Andersen's The Little Mermaid. To a Finnish viewer it also brings to mind Tove Jansson's first Moomin story The Moomins and the Great Flood (1945). - A great fairy-tale, for keeps. - It's a pleasure to see traditional animation in an era of too much digital.

Friday, September 25, 2009

Kuulustelu / The Interrogation

Förhöret. FI (c) 2009 Jörn Donner Productions. P: Jörn Donner, Misha Jaari, Mark Lwoff. D: Jörn Donner. SC: Olli Soinio. DP: Pirjo Honkasalo. M: Pedro Hietanen. CAST: Minna Haapkylä (Kerttu Nuorteva), Marcus Groth (Paavo Kastari), Hannu-Pekka Björkman, Pertti Sveholm (Arvo "Poika" Tuominen), Lauri Nurkse, Kristiina Elstelä, Marja Packalén, Mikko Reitala, Markku Maalismaa, Uula Laakso, Rea Mauranen, Ursula Salo. 110 min. Released by Walt Disney Motion Pictures Finland with Swedish subtitles by Janne Staffans. Viewed at Kinopalatsi 5, Helsinki, 25 Sep 2009 (the first public screening).

A digital video look. - Produced for television, this excellent film was taken up for a cinema release. - It is the true story of the Soviet spy Kerttu Nuorteva (born in America 1912, died in Kazakstan in 1963) who was sent to Finland during the war via parachute from Soviet Karelia, caught by the Finnish security police and interrogated. - A strong historical movie casts a light into the circumstances in Stalin's Russia and into the purges in which some 20.000 Finnish communists were murdered in the late 1930s, including almost the whole group of Finnish left-wing intelligentsia who had escaped white terror to East Karelia. - It also shows the struggle for justice in Finland during wartime, when there were German-oriented leaders like Anthoni leading the Finnish state security police. - A film of multiple contradictions and bitter ironies of history. - Kerttu Nuorteva has a mental breakdown as she learns more fully about Stalin's terror from Arvo Tuominen, a former Communist leader, who defected to the West during the war. - Shot in intensive close-ups and medium shots by Pirjo Honkasalo, but apparently in digital video. No other Donner film has looked this shabby on screen. - Pedro Hietanen has created a moving score. - Donner has returned as a cinema film director after a pause of 25 years, and this film may be his best. - This film and Raja 1918 (The Border 1918) are a promising opening in Finnish cinema into really thought-provoking historical films.

Der Blaue Engel

[The title appears on screen as: Der blaue Engel. But Der Blaue Engel is the name of the bar.] Sininen Enkeli / Blå Ängeln. DE 1930. PC: Ufa. P: Erich Pommer. D: Josef von Sternberg. SC: Robert Liebmann, Carl Zuckmayer, Karl Vollmoller – based on the novel Professor Unrat (1905) by Heinrich Mann. DP: Günther Rittau, Hans Schneeberger. AD: Otto Hunte, Emil Hasler. ED: Sam Winston. M: Friedrich Hollaender. CAST: Emil Jannings (Immanuel Rath), Marlene Dietrich (Lola Fröhlich), Kurt Gerron (Kiepert), Rosa Valetti (his wife Guste), Hans Albers (Mazeppa), Eduard von Winterstein (headmaster), Reinhold Bernt (clown), Rolf Müller (Angst), Gerhard Bienert (policeman), Ilse Fürstenberg (Rath's maid). 106 min. A Transit Film / FWMS print with e-subtitles by AA operated by Lena Talvio. Viewed at Cinema Orion, Helsinki, 24 Sep 2009. - The print has an obviously digi-mastered look. Probably there are no brilliant prints of this film. Paramount burned the negative in ca 1960. The English-language version looks better visually, but is otherwise inferior. - Sternberg's masterpiece revisited (the first 30 minutes). This is my favourite Sternberg film, an ideal combination of style and substance, Marlene Dietrich's ironic, motherly, earthy charm always fascinating. - The most profound film based on the clown themes that were among the obsessions of the cinema in the 1910s and in the 1920s.

Thursday, September 24, 2009

Thunderbolt

[The film was banned in 1930 in Finland by the title Pimeimmässä New Yorkissa.]US © 1929 Paramount Famous Lasky Corp. P: B.P. Fineman. D: Josef von Sternberg. SC: Jules Furthman - dialogue: Herman J. Mankiewicz – from a story by Charles and Jules Furthman. DP: Henry Gerrard. AD: Hans Dreier. ED: Helen Lewis. CAST: George Bancroft ("Thunderbolt" Jim Lang), Fay Wray (Mary, "Ritzy"), Richard Arlen (Bob Morgan). 91 min. Print: UCLA (sound version). Viewed at Cinema Orion, Helsinki, 23 Sep 2009. - Revisited a fascinating gangster film by Sternberg, the first 20 minutes. - The UCLA print looks great. - The story of Ritzy (Fay Wray) who wants to get rid of the possessive gangster boss Thunderbolt (George Bancroft). - Visually powerful, and with already an assured soundtrack. However, the sound makes it all seems slightly more everyday and commonplace: the sound is professional, but the image is masterful.

Wednesday, September 23, 2009

The Docks of New York

Yö satamassa / En natt i hamn. USA © 1928 Paramount Famous Lasky Corp. Assoc. P: J.G. Bachmann D: Josef von Sternberg. Adaptation: Jules Furthman – from the story by John Monk Saunders – titles: Julian Johnson. DP: Harold Rosson. AD: Hans Dreier. ED: Helen Lewis. CAST: George Bancroft (Bill Roberts), Betty Compson (Sadie), Baclanova (Lou), Clyde Cook (Sugar Steve), Mitchell Lewis (third engineer), Gustav von Seyffertitz (Hymn Book Harry), Guy Oliver (The Crimp), Lillian Worth (Steven tyttö). 2195 m /20 fps/ 96 min. Print: UCLA. Viewed at Cinema Orion, Helsinki, 22 Sep 2009. - Revisited a Sternberg masterpiece, the first 30 min. - The definition of light in this portion is beautiful, but I heard from Arto Merimaa that the definition of the rest is uneven, based on the status of the source materials. - 20 fps seems the right speed. - Great poetic montages in the beginning: the harbour of New York - hard work in the ship's boiler room - commotion at The Sandbar - Sadie's suicide attempt and her revival. - Already this part of the film is full with connections to Sternberg's other films. - The group of ragged men dreaming of women in the boiler room: qf. Anatahan. - The commotion at the cheap harbour saloon where beer and cigarettes are consumed: qf. Der Blaue Engel. - The sympathy for the outcasts: qf. The Salvation Hunters. - A visually brilliant movie of "the derelicts of the world". - And yes, there is the fog, the smoke, and the nets.

Sunday, September 20, 2009

Bertolt Brecht: Dreigroschenroman (a novel)

Bertolt Brecht: Dreigroschenroman / Kerjäläisromaani. NL 1934. Originally written in exile in Denmark and published in exile in the Netherlands in German. Finnish translation by Aarno Peromies for Keltainen kirjasto. Helsinki: Tammi 1959.

Reading inspired by our Yellow Library film tribute series, with G.W. Pabst's film Die 3-Groschen-Oper (DE 1931) forthcoming. - An interesting case in the history of film and literature. Bertolt Brecht's successful music play Die Dreigroschenoper (DE 1928, based on John Gay's The Beggar's Opera, GB 1728, incorporating poems by Francois Villon, FR ca 1463, music by Kurt Weill) was the basis for G.W. Pabst's film, against Brecht's will. Brecht was disappointed with the way his play had become successful, based on a misunderstanding of its ideas. Brecht wrote an original film screenplay, which was rejected, and instead, Pabst's film was based on the original play. Brecht was so offended that he sued the producers and published his screenplay and the material for the trial as a book, Der Dreigroschenprozess (DE 1931). -  The film has the distinction that the author published not only one but two books as its counterweight. - Dreigroschenroman was Brecht's last word on the subject. - The novel is a mordant satire, where the world of crime is a black mirror for the establishment. The writer's touch is inspired and the Finnish translation seems to pay justice to it. - The main difference between the play and the novel is that the play focuses more on the beggars and the criminals and the novel more on the businessmen. - The novel is a masterpiece, yet I have a reservation. The corruption is so overwhelming that everybody seems either a participant in it or powerless against it. There are conflicts in the novel certainly, but I would expect a more profound counterweight to the world of crime.

Saturday, September 19, 2009

Flickan som lekte med elden

Tyttö joka leikki tulella / The Girl Who Played With Fire. SE (c) 2009 Yellow Bird Films and three other companies. P: Søren Stærmose. D: Daniel Alfredson. SC: Jonas Frykberg - based on the novel by Stieg Larsson (published posthumously in 2006). DP: Peter Mokrosinski. CAST: Noomi Rapace (Lisbeth Salander), Michael Nyqvist (Mikael Blomkvist), Lena Endre (Erika Berger), Georgi Staykov (Alexander Zalachenko), Sofia Ledarp (Malin Erikson), Peter Andersson (Bjurman), Micke Spreitz (Ronald Niedermann), Per Oscarsson (Holger Palmgren), Paolo Roberto (Paolo Roberto), Annika Hallin (Annika Giannini), Johan Kylén (inspector Bublanski), Hans Alfredson. 132 min. Released in Finland by Nordisk with Finnish subtitles by Arja Sundelin. Viewed at Tennispalatsi 1, 19 Sep 2009 (premiere weekend). - Digital look especially in forest scenes. - The second Millennium film continues one year after. Lisbeth Salander is a millionaire thanks to her hacker skills. Her sadistic guardian, the attorney Bjurman has ordered a hit on her. The back story is revealed: Lisbeth's father is a defected ex-GRU agent Alexander Zalachenko who is sheltered by the Swedish security police Säpo. Zalachenko is also the father of Ronald Niedermann, who resembles a figure like Oddjob or Jaws in the James Bond stories: a giant boxer who feels no pain. Meanwhile, Mikael Blomkvist is planning to publish an exposé of sex traffic by an investigative journalist Dag Svensson and his researcher wife Mia Johansson, both of whom are found murdered. They had planned to go public with names of customers among the police and the security police, for instance. (Prostitution is a crime in Sweden, and customers get convicted.) - Bublanski is a Jewish inspector, there is a scene in the synagogue of Stockholm, but this has no further relevance to the story. - See my comments on Män som hatar kvinnor. The plot is thick with conspiracy (sex traffic, drugs, corruption, hackers). The web of conspiracy reaches deep into the security police of Sweden (!). This is a story that could have been filmed by Tarantino (the woman's revenge, the tattoo revenge). - Dependable entertainment with an over-the-top plot, outstanding main characters (Lisbeth Salander, Mikael Blomkvist) and great performances by the actors.

Män som hatar kvinnor

Miehet jotka vihaavat naisia / Men Who Hate Women. SE/DK/DE (c) 2009 Yellow Bird Millennium Rights. P: Søren Stærmose. D: Niels Arden Oplev. SC: Nikolaj Arcev, Rasmus Heisterberg - based on the novel by Stieg Larsson (published posthumously in 2005, in English as The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo). DP: Eric Kress - shot on 35mm Super 35 2,35:1 - digital intermediate. LOC: Gnesta. CAST: Michael Nyqvist (Mikael Blomkvist), Noomi Rapace (Lisbeth Salander), Lena Endre (Erika Berger), Peter Haber (Martin Vanger), Sven-Bertil Taube (Henrik Vanger), Peter Andersson (the lawyer Nils Bjurman), Ingvar Hirdwall (Dirch Frode), Marika Lagercrantz (Cecilia Vanger), Björn Granath (Gustav Morell), Ewa Fröling (Harriet Vanger), Gösta Bredefeldt (Harald Vanger), Fredrik Ohlsson (Gunnar Brännlund), Jacob Ericksson (Christer Malm), Gunnel Lindblom (Isabella Vanger). 154 min. Released in Finland by Nordisk with Finnish subtitles by Scandinavian Text Service. Viewed at Kinopalatsi 4, 18 Sep 2009 [the Finnish premiere took place 27 March 2009]. - Heavy digital look. - Stieg Larsson (1954-2004) had finished three volumes of his Millennium series of detective novels before his death of massive myocardial infarction. Since 2005, the novels have been published with such a success that last year, Larsson was the second best-selling author in the world. The three novels have also been adapted as three films and a six part television series. - This screening was my first contact with the world of Stieg Larsson. - I am not a good critic of this. Swedish crime fiction has a high standard, and that goes also for the tv series adaptations of them, but I am not familiar with them. - I heard from the cinema staff that this film was not especially popular at first, but it has built a strong reputation, and the cinema was well attended half a year after the premiere. - The film can boast fine storytelling, well-built suspense, and talented actors. Michael Nyqvist and Noomi Rapace are excellent, and so are the others. - But the themes I find overblown. Lisbeth Salander's hacker success seems not of this world. Larsson admitted having been inspired by Astrid Lindgren's fairy-tale heroine Pippi Longstocking. Lisbeth's government-appointed guardian being a sadistic rapist in a country like Sweden is hard to believe. The neo-nazi, anti-semitic serial killers and the incestuous rapists belonging to the family of industrialists continuing their rampage over many decades without being undetected. Michael Blomkvist, having exposed corruption in big business, is himself convicted and sent to prison for libel. - Sorry, but I cannot take the combination of all this as valid social criticism. Instead, the Millennium series seems like a great story of paranoia, which brings to mind Fredric Jameson's theories. - I guess the success of these stories is based on the engaging, original and unconventional protagonists and the suspenseful accounts of detective work. - Laila, who has been watching Swedish crime series on tv, commented that this film's visual approach is similar to them, that the jolt was to see Peter Haber, familiar as inspector Beck, as the villain of this film, and that the tv series are usually more credible.

Picasso and the Cinema

Picasso was inspired by the cinema (Charles Chaplin, etc.). The cubistic and the montage connections between Picasso and the cinema are of the essence. - Henri-Georges Clouzot's masterpiece Le Mystère Picasso is one of the handful of the very best films made on painting. The priceless document focuses on Picasso's process of painting: the process is primary, the result is secondary. - Orson Welles's F for Fake includes an affectionate homage to Picasso ("art is a lie that can expose the truth") and cubism. There is an ironic commentary on forgery. Elmyr de Hory created fake paintings in styles of Picasso, managing at first to fool Picasso, himself. Picasso's astonished comment: "I can forge Picasso, myself, as well as anybody". - James Ivory's Surviving Picasso (1996) is based on the story (though not the memoir book) of Francoise Gilot. Anthony Hopkins is great as Picasso, Natascha McElhone is Francoise Gilot, Julianne Moore is Dora Maar, and Joss Ackland is Matisse. Ivory was not allowed to use Picasso's work! The heirs usually deny the permission. The film displays Elmyr de Hory -style fake Picassos in an interesting way. The Guernica sequence is amazing, as we never see the painting. - But if I were to select one film to represent the Picasso inspiration, it would be Jean Cocteau's Le Testament d'Orphée.

Pablo Picasso at the Ateneum (exhibition)

Pablo Picasso at the Ateneum. Masterpieces from the Musée National Picasso in Paris, 18 Sep 2009 - 6 Jan 2010. Ateneum Art Museum, The National Gallery of Finland, Helsinki. Viewed 18 Sep 2009 (in a public viewing on the day of opening). Curator: Anne Baldassari, director of the Musée National Picasso.
"Give me a museum and I will fill it".
As Picasso created 50.000 works, he could fill 250 Ateneums.
In 1979, Picasso's heirs paid their inheritance taxes by donating to the French state a considerable portion of the works of Picasso's private collection. In 1985, The Musée National Picasso was opened to the public. In 2009, it was closed for repairs, and its collections are being displayed around the world.
Over 200 works (paintings, sculptures, drawings, prints, and photographs) cover the whole French career of Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) from 1901 until his death. This is the biggest Picasso exhibition ever seen in Finland.
The idea here is to witness the whole story of the grown-up Picasso first hand: all the periods in one exhibition. It's a great story.
Picasso embraced many isms but was never overwhelmed by any.
He created in many ways, always interested in new approaches, and his curiosity is revitalizing.
He was prolific and did not suffer from inhibitions or self-censorship.
Not all his works are great, but the whole is bigger than the sum of its parts.
Picasso's life work is a great montage.
This exhibition is not a display of Picasso's greatest masterpieces, but it is a well told story, where individual works make sense as a part of the whole.
Room 3: The Young Artist 1901-1907 (Blue Period, Pink Period)
Room 4: Towards Cubism 1907-1909
Room 5: Cubism 1909-1919 (Analytical Cubism, Synthetic Cubism)
Room 12: From Cubism to Classicism 1914-1924
Room 13: Surrealism 1924-1934
Room 15: Surrealism 1930-1935
Room 16: Spain at War 1936-1939
Room 17: Years of War 1941-1952
Rooms 18-19: Prints (pencil, chalk, charcoal, indian ink, copperplate, line etchings, woodblock printing, aquatint washes, lithographs)
Rooms 6-7: Photographs
Rooms 8-9: Pop Art 1946-1970
Room 10: The Last Years 1970-1973
Rooms 24-27: In the Spirit of Picasso (the Picasso influence in Finnish art, curated by Messrs. Erkki Anttonen and Timo Huusko)
Room 23: Picasso's Living Room (designed by Ms. Aamu Song and Mr. Johan Olin)
http://www.ateneum.fi/default.asp?docId=12532

Friday, September 18, 2009

The Last Command

Viimeinen määräys / Sista kommandot. US (c) 1928 Paramount Famous Lasky Corp. Pres: Adolph Zukor, Jesse L. Lasky. Supervisor: J.G. Bachmann. Associate P: B.P. Schulberg. D: Josef von Sternberg. SC and Adaptation: John F. Goodrich - from a story by Lajos Biró - intertitles: Herman J. Mankiewicz. DP: Bert Glennon. AD: Hans Dreier. CAST: Emil Jannings (Grand Duke Sergius Alexander), Evelyn Brent (Natacha Dabrova), William Powell (Leo Andreyev). 2410 m /22 fps/ 96 min. A DFI print viewed at Cinema Orion, Helsinki, 17 Sep 2009. - A soft print with low contrast. - A favourite Sternberg masterpiece of mine revisited (30 minutes from the beginning). Sternberg is in brilliant command of the means of expression in late silent cinema. The breadlines of Hollywood. The circumstances of the extras. The eve of revolution in Russia. - The moving camera, the montage, the expressive close-up. - Emil Jannings had had great directors before, notably Ernst Lubitsch and F.W. Murnau, but his greatest director was Sternberg in The Last Command and Der Blaue Engel. Sternberg dared to expose his extremes as the mighty man at the height of his prestige, and the crushed man who descends into madness, degradation and the gutter. - There is a connection between this concept and Orson Welles (his favourite theme of the mighty man who is bound to perish), and a direct link is Herman J. Mankiewicz.

Thursday, September 17, 2009

Noidan kirot

Trolldomens förbannelse / [The Curse of the Witch]. FI 1927. PC: Suomi-Filmi. P: Erkki Karu. D+SC: Teuvo Puro - based on the novel by Väinö Kataja (1914). DP: Frans Ekebom. AD: Carl Fager. CAST: Einar Rinne (Simo of Utuniemi), Heidi Blåfield-Korhonen (Selma, Simo's wife), Irmeli Viherjuuri (Aaprami of Utuniemi), Kaisa Leppänen (Elsa, Simo's blind sister), Hemmo Kallio (Esa of Rantamaula, Selma's father), Olga Leino (mistress of Rantamaula, Selma's mother), Nisse Karlsson (Aapo of Rantamaula, Selma's brother), Yrjö Tuominen (Sakari Kippari, "Fat Sakari", a lumber boss), Hannes Närhi (Jantukka, a witchdoctor from Lapland). 2070 m /24 fps/ 71 min. A Centenary of the Cinema tinted and toned jubileum print. Viewed at Cinema Orion, Helsinki, 16 Sep 2009. - Our speed was too fast; 20 fps would have been more appropriate. The colour was too heavy, taking away the luminosity from the image. - Revisited a stolid Finnish mainstream studio film of the late silent era. - The film is at best mediocre. No sense of cinematic expression, just clumsy shots one after the other. No suspense, no psychology, no cinematic direction of actors. I would not include this in an account of Finnish horror cinema. - The best moment is towards the end: the reconciliation. - A typical example of the boring mainstream cinema against which the young Valentin Vaala and Teuvo Tulio rebelled. The Suomi-Filmi studio was completely out of touch of the international development of cinema.

Suomen metsät VII

[Finlands skogar VII] / [The Forests of Finland VII]. FI 1933. PC: Aho & Soldan. Silent. 10 min. Digibeta, alas. Viewed at Cinema Orion, Helsinki, 16 Sep 2009. - In the presence of Jussi Brofeldt. - The intertitles have a literary value. Timber floating. The birch stocks form a jam. Lunch break of the lumberjacks. The stocks are rolled down the hill into the river. A pipe is built for the stocks. Beams. Bundles. Shadow of the cinematographer. Sunset.

Wednesday, September 16, 2009

The Go-Between

Sanansaattaja / Budbäraren. GB © 1971 EMI. D: Joseph Losey. SC: Harold Pinter - based on the novel by L.P. Hartley (1953). DP: Gerry Fisher - Technicolor. M: Michel Legrand. LOC: Norfolk. CAST: Julie Christie (Marian Maudsley / Lady Trimingham), Alan Bates (Ted Burgess), Margaret Leighton (Mrs. Maudsley), Michael Redgrave (Leo Colston - adult), Dominic Guard (Leo Colston - boy), Michael Gough (Mr. Maudsley), Edward Fox (Viscount Hugh Trimingham). 116 min. A vintage print with Finnish / Swedish subtitles by Lea Joutseno / Börje Idman. Viewed at Cinema Orion, Helsinki, 15 Sep 2009.

A worn vintage print with colour fading, yet still passable. - Joseph Losey at his best: my two favourite Losey films are King and Country and The Go-Between. - This belongs to the rare cases where a great film is based on a great novel. With the novel in fresh memory, it was a pleasure to notice the inevitable differences. The novel is based on the adult Leo's memory of his boyhood impressions half a century ago. - In the film, such a subjectivity would not be possible. One of the differences is that we realize from the looks of Mr. and Mrs. Maudsley that they realize what is going on between Marian and Ted. Probably also Hugh Trimingham is aware, but he is not easily offended. - In this film, Losey puts aside his 1960s experiments, and just proceeds as a profound cinematic storyteller, with a sure sense of the mise-en-scène. The film is both refined and powerful. The milieux, the performances, the music, all work perfectly. - There are two main victims of the web of deceit: Ted who commits suicide, and the young and innocent Leo, who will never recover.

The Salvation Hunters

US © 1925 Academy Photoplays. Original distributor: United Artists. Financier: George K. Arthur. P+D+SC+story+AD+ED: Josef von Sternberg. DP: Edward Gheller. Assistants: George Ruric, Robert Chapman. LOC: San Pedro (California). CAST: George K. Arthur (boy), Georgia Hale (girl), Bruce Guerin (child), Otto Matiesen (man), Nellie Bly Baker (woman), Olaf Hytten (brute), Stuart Holmes (gentleman). 5930 ft / 1807 m /20 fps/ 79 min. A Fondazione Cineteca Italiana (Milano) print from MoMA. Viewed at Cinema Orion, Helsinki, 15 Sep 2009. - A passable dupe print with signs of wear and tear and occasional signs of nitrate decomposion in the source. - Revisited: Josef von Sternberg's poetic and boldly original first feature film, "dedicated to the derelicts of the earth". - "They have conquered a mighty battle over themselves".

Tuesday, September 15, 2009

Indians on the American Screen (lecture)


Maurice Tourneur & Clarence Brown: The Last of the Mohicans (1920). Please click to enlarge the image.

Opening of our Autumn Season in Cinema Niagara, Tampere, 14 Sep 2009. I gave an introduction for the retrospective on Indians in American Cinema, connected with the exhibition The Life and Times of Sitting Bull in the Vapriikki Museum in Tampere. http://www.vapriikki.net/sittingbull/

I was grateful for the invitation, as it gave me the impetus to read a wonderful book:

Angela Aleiss: Making the White Man's Indian: Native Americans and Hollywood Movies. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger Publishers, 2005.

She detects a strange regularity in key Indian Westerns: Broken Arrow (1950), Little Big Man (1970), Dances With Wolves (1990). One might expect the next key Indian Western to be released in 2010!

- In popular fiction, there has always been a duality regarding Native Americans: the wild barbarians, and the noble savages

- This duality has also been characteristic to the movies. There have been cycles of noble Indians and savage monsters

- The main general trend has, however, been towards more balanced and positive images

- In Finnish we may speak of "intiaanit", whereas in the U.S. Native Americans is the correct term

- Indians belong to the original subject-matter of the cinema. Already in 1894, Edison filmed The Sioux Ghost Dance and other performances from Buffalo Bill's Wild West circus

- At that time, James Fenimore Cooper's noble Indian characters were well-known, already also in Finland

- historical figures like Hiawatha and Pocahontas were a part of popular imagination, and Helen Hunt Jackson's novel character Ramona, as well - they were all often adapted in and referred to in films

- in the cinema, Indians most typically appear in Wild West stories, the most popular era being the ca 35 years from after the Civil War to the end of the 19th century

- films made about modern Indians have not been successful

- there have always been real Indians in the movies, but usually the performers have been non-Indians. Anthony Quinn had some Indian heritage

- Remarkably, there have always been high profile fake Indians in the movies, and it seems that real Indians have tacitly supported them

- My question here is about the prohibition of the image in the Indian culture. Taking one's picture takes one's soul. Might it be that true-believing Indians actually prefer fake performers to take their place in the movies?

- Will Rogers (largely a Cherokee) and Wes Studi have had the liberty to portray non-Indians

- The Chickasaw Edwin Carewe directed over 60 films

- A recurrent theme is the love between the Indian and the Caucasian. That theme was not banned by the Production Code, like the love between the Black and the Caucasian

- The children of the Indians and the Caucasians, formerly called "half-blood" (!) have always been portrayed with sympathy in movies like The Broken Lance (Robert Wagner), The Searchers (Jeffrey Hunter), and Flaming Star (Elvis Presley)

- Positive Indian figures have always been typical to A Westerns, negative figures to B westerns (stock characters in run-of-the-mill films)

- In early cinema Indians were portrayed with sympathy, as victims of the greed and cruelty of the whites

- D.W. Griffith directed 30 Indian films, 22 of which were positive to the Indians, and in the others, too, Indians were usually provoked by the crimes of the Whites

- Thomas H. Ince hired an Oglala Sioux tribe and produced 80 Indian Westerns

- Also Buffalo Bill produced films such as The Indian Wars

- Cecil B. De Mille's first film The Squaw Man was a milestone in film history, a foundation of Hollywood, and Paramount

- James Fenimore Cooper's work was often filmed, most notably by Maurice Tourneur (The Last of the Mohicans)

- The Covered Wagon (1923) revived the evil Indian, the obstacle for the Manifest Destiny

- but the pro-Indian Zane Grey wrote The Vanishing American (1925) for the screen, although his condemnation of the wrongdoings of the white man were toned down

- In The Big Trail (1930) John Wayne declared that Indians are his friends

- the romance of the lost paradise (of the South Seas, Alaska... ) was popular in the movies of the 1920s and the 1930s, and that reflected also on the image of the Indian

- Warner Bros. and Massacre (1933) with Richard Barthelmesss

- The Plainsman revived the cliched cowboy and Indian dichotomy, and Stagecoach did it again. The savagery of the Indians was stressed in the 1930s

- but Darryl F. Zanuck at 20th Century Fox produced the pro-Indian Shirley Temple movie Susannah of the Mounties

- at Warner in They Died With Their Boots On history was fantastically re-written to portray General Custer as the Indian's best friend

- in Fox's Buffalo Bill, Buffalo Bill, as well: "they are all friends of mine"

- Delmer Daves became one of the most important film-makers to depict Indians: Broken Arrow, Drum Beat

- since the 1950s several pro-Indian A movies were produced: Apache, Jim Thorpe All American, The Story of Will Rogers, The Searchers, Broken Lance, Devil's Doorway, Run of the Arrow, Two Rode Together, Cheyenne

- in New Hollywood the anti-Western emerged: Little Big Man, Soldier Blue, Tell Them Willie Boy Is Here

- the survival films: Ulzana's Raid, A Man Called Horse, Jeremiah Johnson

- the revival of the Western: Dances With Wolves, The Last of the Mohicans, Geronimo, Pocahontas

- the modern Indian: Thunderheart

Keywords: Native American in the cinema. Native Americans in the cinema. Indians in film. Indians in the cinema. 

Monday, September 14, 2009

Tokyo senso sengo hiwa / The Man Who Left His Will On Film

Tokyo senso sengo hiwa: Eiga de ishi o nokoshite shineda – otoko no monogatari / He Died After the War / [Mies, joka teki testamenttinsa filmille] / [Mannen som upprättade sitt testamente på film]. JP 1970. PC: Sozosha-ATG. EX: Takuji Yamaguchi. D: Nagisa Oshima. SC: Masataka Hara ja Mamoru Sasaki – based on a story by Nagisa Oshima and Tsutomu Tamura. DP: Toichiro Narushima – shot on 16 mm and 35 mm – print 35 mm – b&w. AD: Jusho Toda. M: Toru Takemitsu. ED: Keiichi Uraoka. CAST: Kazuo Goto (Motoki Shoichi, student), Emiko Iwasaki (Yasuko, Shoichi's girlfriend). Members of the POSIPOSI, a film society of young radicals: Sugio Fukyama (Yazawa), Tomoyo Oshima (Akiko), Kenichi Fukuda (Matsumura), Hiroshi Isogai (Sakamoto), Kazuo Hashimoto (Takagi), Kazuya Horikoshi (Endo). 94 min. Print: New Yorker Films (New York), English subtitles. Viewed at Cinema Orion, Helsinki, 13 Sep 2009. - A good definition of light in a print that has signs of wear and tear, but not too much. - Anti-film, metafilm, a film that questions itself and student radicalism. The story of an impasse. - Ironic, witty, philosophical. - The cinematography is remarkable. The sense of landscape and urban living is on the level of Antonioni, but brilliantly original. Many shots can be appreciated as independent photographs. - The man who left his will on film mostly shot cityscapes. He maybe never existed, and at least there is a vicious circle of young men who leave their wills on film, as the story starts again in the end. - Disturbing: the theme of sexual violence. The young men seem to enjoy taking their girls violently, and the girls seem to enjoy it. - I have now seen all Nagisa Oshima's cinema films, and I can confirm that they are all different: each has a different way of storytelling, a different cinematography, and different music and sound solutions. - In Godard's work, the parallel to this would be Weekend.

Sunday, September 13, 2009

Kagi (Junichiro Tanizaki evening: reading and film)

Kagi – outo ahdistus / Lidelsernas hus / Odd Obsession. JP 1959. PC: Daiei (Kyoto). EX: Hiroako Fujii. P: Masaichi Nagata. D: Kon Ichikawa. SC: Keiji Hasebe, Kon Ichikawa, Natto Wada – based on the novel by Junichiro Tanizaki (1956, Finnish translation Avain 1961 Tuomas Anhava / Tammi, based on the English translation by Howard Hibbett, The Key). DP: Kazuo Miyagawa – Daieicolor – Daieiscope 2,35:1. M: Yasushi Akutagawa. S: Kenichi Nishii. ED: Hiroaki Fujii, Kon Ichikawa, Tatsuji Nakashizu. CAST: Ganjiro Nakamura (Kenji Kenmochi), Machiko Kyo (Ikuko Kenmochi), Tatsuya Nakadai (Dr. Kimura), Junko Kano (Toshiko Kenmochi), Tanie Kitabayashi (Hana, maid), Ichiro Sugai (Ichizuka, masseur), Jun Hamamura (Dr. Soma), Mantaro Ushio (Dr. Kodama), Kyu Sazanka (antique dealer), Mayumi Kurata (Ms. Koike, nurse), Saburi Date (1. policeman), Hikaru Hoshi (2. policeman), Shizuo Nakajo (3. policeman). 107 min. A Japan Foundation print with English subtitles. Viewed at Cinema Orion, Helsinki, 12 Sep 2009. - Preceded by a Junichiro Tanizaki reading by the actors, Mr. Jussi Lehtonen, and Ms. Hanna Ojala. - A print with pleasantly authentic-looking colour. - I saw this film for the first time and was impressed by the black humour of it. I had read Tanizaki's novel as a teenager and did not like it then or maybe missed the point.Watching the film I realized that the sexual material is not the focus. It is about virility, but in a much wider sense. - Ichikawa has a fine touch in this story, and Kazuo Miyagawa's brilliant cinematography and Yasushi Akutagawa's music contribute to it in en exciting way.

Keltainen kirjasto (The Yellow Library) and Cinema: a 55th Anniversary Seminar

Keltainen kirjasto (The Yellow Library) is the most important book series dedicated to modern quality literature in Finland. The legendary series has been the publisher of many Nobel Prize winners, before they became ones. Organized by Kronoptikon (Martti-Tapio Kuuskoski, Laura Lindstedt), the publishing house Tammi, and KAVA, in Cinema Orion, 12 Sep 2009. Guest of honour: Mr. Jarl Hellemann, founder of the Keltainen kirjasto.
Martti-Tapio Kuuskoski: Stretching the Limits of Film Adaptation (John Steinbeck: Of Mice and Men, James Joyce: Ulysses, Franz Kafka: Amerika)
Jarl Hellemann: Stages in the Development of the Keltainen kirjasto
AA: Film Adaptations of the Keltainen kirjasto (focus on To Have and Have Not, Breakfast at Tiffany's, James Joyce, Bertolt Brecht, Morte a Venezia, The Go-Between, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Jhumpa Lahiri, and José Saramago)
Sampsa Laurinen: The Sanctity of Desecration, or the fate of Alberto Moravia's ghost in Jean-Luc Godard's Le Mépris
Hannu K. Riikonen: James Joyce's Dubliners and John Huston's The Dead
Miika Pölkki and Lauri Kitsnik: Tanizaki's keys and Ichikawa's openings

Saturday, September 12, 2009

The Dead (James Joyce evening: reading and film)

Muistot / De döda. US/GB 1987. D: John Huston. SC: Tony Huston - based on last short story in Dubliners (1914) by James Joyce. CAST: Anjelica Huston, Donal McCann. A vintage print with Finnish / Swedish subtitles. Viewed at Cinema Orion, 11 Sep 2009. - Introduced by the actor, Mr. Seppo Pääkkönen reading James Joyce (25 min). - Revisited the beginning of John Huston's last film, to many his masterpiece, preceded by a reading of the original text. - James Joyce is a central force in the cinema age, although this film is probably the only masterful film adaptation of his work.

Taking Woodstock

Taking Woodstock / Taking Woodstock. US (c) 2009 Focus Features. P: Ang Lee, James Schamus. D: Ang Lee. SC: James Schamus - based on the book Taking Woodstock: A True Story of a Riot, a Concert, and a Life (2007) by Elliot Tiber and Tom Monte. DP: Eric Gautier - Arricam Cameras, Zeiss and Angenieux Lenses - Super 35 (3-perf) - DeLuxe - digital intermediate 2K - print 35mm 1,85:1. M: Danny Elfman + a great compilation score. CAST: Demetri Martin (Elliot Tiber), Imelda Staunton (Sonia Teichberg), Henry Goodman (Jack Teichberg), Liev Schreiber (Vilma), Jonathan Groff (Michael Lang), Emile Hirsch (Billy, a recently returned Vietnam vet), Paul Dano and Kelli Garner (a hippie couple in a VW), Jeffrey Dean Morgan (Dan, Billy's brother and in opposition to the festival), Eugene Levy (Max Yasgur). 110 min. A FS Film release with Finnish / Swedish subtitles by Taina Komu / Ditte Kronström. Viewed at Tennispalatsi 14, 11 Sep 2009 (Finnish premiere day). - A cheap digital look. - A satirical account on the mounting of the Woodstock Festival. Based on a book, whose factual validity has been contested, but it does not matter, at least it is good fiction. - I'm aware that this film has been rated as minor Ang Lee, but to me this is Ang Lee at his best. I'm a fan of his first trilogy (Pushing Hands, The Wedding Banquet, Eat Drink Man Woman), and this film has a similar humoristic approach. - From a small angle it lets us have a look at a big story: the biggest concert ever, with world historical gravity. - It's about world politics, about the generation gap, about sexual orientation, about drug delusion, about finding oneself, about disorientation, about freedom. - I look forward to revisiting this. - Visually shoddy, yet with a pleasant and elaborate homage to Michael Wadleigh's great documentary, complete with split screen sequences. - The music score is an enjoyable compilation of vintage tracks, new reconstructions, and Danny Elfman original compositions.

Friday, September 11, 2009

Postia pappi Jaakobille / Letters to Father Jacob

Post till pastor Jakob. FI 2009. PC: Kinotar / YLE. P: Lasse Saarinen, Risto Salomaa. D+SC: Klaus Härö - based on the original idea and script by Jaana Makkonen. DP: Tuomo Hutri. Digital intermediate by Generator Post. AD: Kaisa Mäkinen. COST: Sari Suominen. Makeup: Pia Mikkonen. ED: Samu Heikkilä. CAST: Kaarina Hazard (Leila), Heikki Nousiainen (Father Jacob), Jukka Keinonen (postman), Esko Roine (the prison warden). 75 min. A Nordisk release without subtitles. Viewed at Tennispalatsi 10, Helsinki, 11 Sep 2009.

Jacob listens to classical music: "Quartet in F Minor", Composed by Joseph Haydn, Performed by Hart House String Quartet. - "Angel's serenade", Composed by Gaetano Braga, Performed by Venetian Instrumental Trio. - "Nocturne in E flat", Composed by Frédéric Chopin, Performed by Kathleen Parlow. - "Ouvre à l'amour", Performed by Pierre A. Asselin. - "Minuet in G, no. 2", Composed by Ludwig van Beethoven, Performed by Kathleen Parlow. - "Barcarolle"
Composed by Jacques Offenbach.

Letters to Father Jacob, planned as a television movie, was released theatrically, and grew into the most highly appreciated Finnish film of the year.

I saw it five months after the premiere, and there was still a good turnout at the cinema. The atmosphere was focused and devoted.

The film is about the encounter of an asocial ex-convict, Leila (Kaarina Hazard), and the blind ex-priest Jacob (Heikki Nousiainen), who conducts an immense correspondence. Leila's job is to help Jacob.

The story is fresh and constantly surprising. Essential revelations take place at the end of the film.

This story of the priest can be compared with The Priest from Uddarbo (consult: Ingmar Bergman), Franciscus giullare di Dio, and Journal d'un curé de campagne, but it is totally original.

Letters to Father Jacob is one of the great religious films.

Tuesday, September 08, 2009

The Go-Between (novel)

L.P. Hartley: Sananviejä (The Go-Between). GB 1953. Translated by J.A. Hollo / Tammi / Keltainen kirjasto, Helsinki 1955.

"The past is a foreign country: they do things differently there." This is one of the great opening sentences in world literature.

I read this novel for the first time in preparation for our tribute to Keltainen kirjasto (The Yellow Library), Finland's best series of modern quality fiction since 55 years.

The concept is very cinematic. The old man finds his boyhood diary from the year 1900 and relives the turbulent experiences of a special summer.

This is a Bildungsroman of boyhood observations that take place too early. This is also a social novel, constantly aware of the English class and rank system. From the boy's perspective it is the story of the love affair between Marian Maudsley (daughter of the wealthy Maudsley family) and Ted Burgess (the neighbour, the tenant farmer). They love each other, but Marian is destined to marry Viscount Hugh Trimingham, wounded in the Boer War, representing centuries of nobility. Money is destined to marry rank. There is also a strong sense of history in this novel, of the fatal impact of the wars that Britain had suffered.

But most of all, it's the story of the end of boyhood. It is very well written (I believe J.A. Hollo's translation pays justice to the original), in full command of the various layers of the story, and with a fine sense of poetic imagery. The belladonna has a special significance.

Ian McEwan's Atonement (I saw the film but haven't read the novel) seems to be inspired by The Go-Between.

Sunday, September 06, 2009

Inglourious Basterds (soundtrack cd)

(c) 2009 L. Driver Productions, inc. / Warner Bros. Records, Inc. - A Band Apart / Warner Bros. Records. - EX: Quentin Tarantino.
Along with The Limits of Control, one of the best compilation soundtracks of the year. Like the film, the soundtrack, too, is a meta-commentary of film history.

1. The Green Leaves Of Summer (Dimitri Tiomkin & Paul Francis Webster) pres. Nick Perito (1960), instrumental version of the main title song from The Alamo (1960)
2. The Verdict / Dopo la condanna (Ennio Morricone) pres. Ennio Morricone from La resa dei conti (1966)
3. White Lightning (Main Title) (Charles Bernstein) pres. Charles Bernstein (1973)
4. Slaughter (Billy Preston) pres. Billy Preston (1972)
5. The Surrender / La resa (Ennio Morricone) pres. Ennio Morricone from La resa dei conti (1966)
6. One Silver Dollar / Un dollaro bucato (Gianni Ferrio) pres. The Film Studio Orchestra (1967), from Un dollaro bucato (1965)
7. Davon geht die Welt nicht unter (Bruno Balz & Michael Jary) pres. Zarah Leander, from Die grosse Liebe (1942)
8. L'Homme dans le grand sombrero / The Man With The Big Sombrero (Phil Boutelje & Foster Carling) pres. Samantha Shelton and Michael Andrew, inspired by the original recording by June Havoc in Hi Diddle Diddle (1943)
9. Ich wollt, ich wär' ein Huhn (Hans-Fritz Beckmann & Peter Kreuder) pres. Lilian Harvey and Willy Fritsch, from Glückskinder (1936)
10. Main Theme from Dark of the Sun (Jacques Loussier) pres. Jacques Loussier, from The Mercenaries / Dark of the Sun (1968)
11. Cat People (Putting Out The Fire) (David Bowie & Giorgio Moroder) pres. David Bowie (1981), from Cat People (1982)
12. Tiger Tank (Lalo Schifrin) pres. Lalo Schifrin, from Kelly's Heroes (1970)
13. Un amico (Ennio Morricone) pres. Ennio Morricone, from Revolver (1973)
14. Rabbia e tarantella (Ennio Morricone) pres. Ennio Morricone, from Allonsanfan (1974)
***
Other Ennio Morricone selections in the motion picture itself: "L’incontro con la figlia" (from Il ritorno di Ringo, 1965), "Il mercenario (ripresa)" (from Il mercenario, 1968), "Algiers November 1, 1954" (with Gillo Pontecorvo; from La battaglia di Algeri, 1966), and "Mystic and Severe" (from Da uomo a uomo, 1967.

Coco Chanel & Igor Stravinsky

Coco Chanel & Igor Stravinsky / Coco Chanel & Igor Stravinsky. FR (c) 2009 Eurowide Film Production. D: Jan Kounen. SC: Chris Greenhalgh - adaptation: Carlo Boutiny, Jan Kounen - based on the book Coco & Igor (GB 2002) by Chris Greenhalgh. DP: David Ungaro - colour - scope 2,35:1. M: Igor Stravinsky. "Sacre du printemps" (1913 / 1947) perf. Berliner Philharmoniker, cond. Simon Rattle. "Symphonie d'instruments à vent" (1920 / 1947). "Sonate" (1924). "Les cinq doigts" (1921). "Cinq pièces faciles" (1917) int. by Christophe Bukudjian. "Glorification of the Chosen One". CAST: Mads Mikkelsen (Igor Stravinsky), Anna Mouglalis (Coco Chanel), Elena Morozova (Catherine Stravinsky), Grigori Manoukov (Sergeï Diaghilev), Anatole Taubman (Boy Capel), Marek Kossakowski (Nijinsky). 118 min. A Cinema Mondo release with Finnish / Swedish subtitles by Outi Kainulainen / Ditte Kronström. Viewed at Maxim 1, Helsinki, 5 Sep 2009 (Finnish premiere weekend). - A digital intermediate look obvious in the park footage. - The fact is that Coco Chanel was a mentor of Igor Stravinsky and accommodated his family after the Russian Revolution. This film is based on the rumour that they had also an affair which hade a life-long significance. They both died in 1971. - The film starts with an exciting reconstruction of the premiere of Sacre du printemps, one of the epochal events in the history of music. It includes an interesting account of Igor Stravinsky's creative process and his inspired pedagogical touch. The film portrays Stravinsky as a tender family man with a strong sense of responsibility who also enjoys an affair on the side. - The film portrays Coco Chanel as a tough designer, quality controller and taskmaster (can one say taskmistress?). A sequence is devoted to the development of the Chanel 5 perfume. - Jan Kounen has created a classy, traditional biopic on two unconventional, talented people. - Mads Mikkelsen is good as Stravinsky. From Anna Mouglalis one would expect more expressions as Chanel. - As for the music, the first notes of Sacre du printemps are repeated maybe too often. Stravinsky had a long, rich and creative life during six decades.

There has been a previous film called Chanel solitaire (GB/FR/US 1981) with Marie-France Pisier as Coco Chanel, Timothy Dalton as Boy Capel, and Rutger Hauer as Etienne de Balsan.

Coco Chanel's film credits include costumes for Jean Renoir's La Règle du jeu (1939).

When Marilyn Monroe was asked what she had on when the Golden Dreams photos were taken, she answered: "just the radio", and "Chanel 5".

Saturday, September 05, 2009

Skavabölen pojat / Last Cowboy Standing



Skavabölen pojat. On the sofa: Onni Tommila, Leea Klemola, Ilmari Järvenpää, Elina Knihtilä and Tommi Korpela.Behind: Martti Suosalo. Please click to enlarge the image.

Skavabölegrabbarna
    FI / DE © 2009 Juonifilmi / Nikovantastic. D: Zaida Bergroth. SC: Antti Raivio, Jan Forsström, Zaida Bergroth – based on the play by Antti Raivio (1991). DP: Anu Keränen. M: Alexander Hacke.
    CAST: Lauri Tilkanen (Rupert), Iiro Panula (Evert), Ilmari Järvenpää (Rupert as a child), Onni Tommila (Evert as a child), Leea Klemola (mother), Martti Suosalo (father), Sulevi Peltola (Magician Kinnunen), Elina Knihtilä (Anu), Tommi Korpela (Ossi), Henriikka Salo (Anneli), Eila Roine (aunt Hilppa), Saara Kotkaniemi (Maria), Kirsi Asikainen (Anja Sallinen), Annu Valonen (Farkku-Tamara), Tarja Kirjatankki (Rosenqvist), Hannu Kivioja (grandfather), Tuomas Turkka (Russian soldier). 126 min.
    A FS Film release with Swedish subtitles by Joanna Erkkilä.
    D-Cinema at Tennispalatsi 2, Helsinki, 5 Sep 2009 (premiere weekend).

Skavaböle = Hyrylä, the center of Tuusula, not far from Helsinki.

Antti Raivio is a well-known Finnish actor, director, playwright and co-founder of Q-Teatteri (The Q Theatre). His play Skavabölen pojat was an acclaimed production of Q-Teatteri in 1991.

Positive features in the film:
– a good cast
– Zaida Bergroth is an excellent director of children
– the subject is strong: the boys surviving a dysfunctional family
– the father (Martti Suosalo) succumbing to alcoholism, the mother (Leea Klemola) to psychosis and suicide.

The subject is depressive, and the general atmosphere is melancholy. There are uplifting passages, usually related to the media: Lasse Virén winning a gold medal in the Munich Olympics, Millie Small doing her ska hit "My Boy Lollipop", the boys dancing to "Sugar Baby Love" by Rubettes.

The main theme tune of the film by Alexander Hacke is an homage to Led Zeppelin's "Stairway To Heaven".

The presence of history is also depressing, symbolized by the skull of the Russian soldier. The grandfather (Hannu Kivioja) had been an army doctor.

There is little sense of inner drive and tempo in the movie. It is a bit static, and the characters seem so crushed by their circumstances that the viewer may get exasperated.

Laila had seen the Q-Teatteri production of Skavabölen pojat, which she found powerful, but in her opinion the subject had lost some of its force in the film adaptation.

A heavy digital look.

Inglourious Basterds

Kunniattomat paskiaiset / Ärelösa jävlar. US/DE (c) 2009 Visione Romantica. D+SC: Quentin Tarantino. DP: Robert Richardson - negative: 35 mm (Kodak Vision2 200T 5217, Vision3 500T 5219), anamorphic Panavision 2,35:1 - digital intermediate 2K. CAST: Brad Pitt (Lt. Aldo Raine), Mélanie Laurent (Shosanna Dreyfus), Christoph Waltz (Col. Hans Landa), Eli Roth (Sgt. Donny Donowitz), Michael Fassbender (Lt. Archie Hicox), Diane Kruger (Bridget von Hammersmark), Daniel Brühl (Pvt Fredrick Zoller), Til Schweiger (Sgt. Hugo Stiglitz), Gedeon Burkhard (Cpl. Wilhelm Wicki), Jacky Ido (Marcel), B.J. Novak (Pfc. Smithson Utivich), Omar Doom (Pfc. Omar Ulmer), August Diehl (Major Dieter Hellstrom), Denis Menochet (Perrier LaPadite), Sylvester Groth (Joseph Goebbels), Martin Wuttke (Adolf Hitler), Mike Myers (General Ed Fenech), Julie Dreyfus (Francesca Mondino). 156 min. Original in French, German, and English. Released in Finland by Finnkino, with Finnish / Swedish subtitles by Timo Porri / Janne Staffans. Viewed at Cinema Bristol, Helsinki, 4 Sep 2009 (Finnish premiere day). - Although the film is reportedly based on a 2K digital intermediate, the print had a pleasant photochemical look except in the forest scenes. - I love Quentin Tarantino, but I have been disappointed with his films since Pulp Fiction because of their regressive development. - To be redeemed: the great cast - the complexity of Daniel Brühl's character: the Wehrmacht has made him a killer, yet one can sense the human being struggling to emerge from the uniform - the smiling, polite Gestapo officer created by Christoph Waltz certainly belongs to the great villains of film history - Brad Pitt has developed a new and strong blackly humoristic charisma in his roles for the Coen Brothers and Tarantino; in these roles he is at his best - Mélanie Laurent is dignified as Shoshanna Dreyfus, brutalized by the Holocaust. - The fascinating thing is Tarantino's meta-commentary of film history, which ranges from Ernst Lubitsch (To Be Or Not To Be) to European war exploitation cinema. It is fun, and maybe I'm wrong to expect more. - I hate the sadism of this film. I also hate the simple-minded revenge motif of this film. My initial reaction is also that this film does a terrible disservice to the Jews. - For the Finnish viewer it is striking to notice the swastika over Finland on Hitler's map of Europe. It is not right (Finland was never under Nazi rule), nor quite wrong (Finland was a partner in Operation Barbarossa).

Thursday, September 03, 2009

Haarautuvan rakkauden talo

Den kluvna kärlekens hus / [The House of Forking Love]. FI (c) 2009 Marianna Films. P+D: Mika Kaurismäki. SC: Mika Kaurismäki, Sami Keski-Vähälä - based on the novel by Petri Karra (2008). DP: Rauno Ronkainen - colour. CAST: Hannu-Pekka Björkman (Juhani Helin), Elina Knihtilä (Tuula Helin), Kati Outinen (Yrsa), Antti Reini (Wolffi), Tommi Eronen (Pekka), Irina Björklund (Marjut), Maria Järvenhelmi (Kitty), Kari Väänänen (Niilo), Anna Easteden (Nina), Ilkka Villi (Marco), Antti Virmavirta (Timo), Mari Perankoski (Tiina), Timo Torikka (PK), Jevgeni Haukka (Vidar), Wanda Dubiel (Sanna), Sakari Kuosmanen (Boogie), Kari Heiskanen (neighbour), Aino Seppo (neighbour's wife), Martti Syrjä (taxi driver), Pertti Sveholm (fireman), Clas-Ove Bruun (tall crook in the bar). 107. A FS Film release with Swedish subtitles by Markus Karjalainen. Viewed at Kinopalatsi 5, 3 Sep 2009. - The print has a digimastered look. It is not jarring in close-ups and medium shots. - The story belongs to the comedy / drama of remarriage tradition (The Awful Truth), complete with the fake escorts to make the ex-partner jealous. - Redeeming features: the actors are good, and there are interesting performers even in small parts - there are funny scenes with Juhani's paid escort Nina - "my wife has to think you're my girlfriend, although you are not" - "usually it's the other way around" - yet they start genuinely to like each other, and Nina introduces fresh ideas of her own to fool Tuula - they annoy Tuula with sounds of simulated sex but end up being genuinely aroused by their play-acting - there are also funny scenes with Juhani's playboy friend Pekka - his self-confident double pick-up procedure in the bar in the company of the timid divorced Juhani is a humoristic and realistic record of the manners of today - Pekka is also a humoristic commentator to the tortuous divorce process ("no mites teillä on täällä eroaminen sujunut", this line is difficult to translate). - Unfortunately the film is not as good as its best elements. There is too much: the criminal world, the world of prostitution, the topic of childlessness. Too often the characters just display their shallow, indifferent, and ugly characteristics. Then the viewer ceases to care. - This is one of the several Finnish divorce films of the decade where the wife is such a total harridan that the viewer is puzzled why the man is not simply celebrating his freedom!

Vihreä kulta

Grönt guld / Green Gold / L'Or vert. FI 1939.
http://www.elonet.fi/title/ek2k8o/
A recent KAVA print avec sous-titres francais par Aline Vannier-Sihvola. Viewed at Cinema Orion, 2 Sep 2009. - I revisited this great movie for 10 minutes to check the quality of the print: luminous, paying justice to the definition of light by cinematographer Armas Hirvonen and director Valentin Vaala. - The film, based on the play by Hella Wuolijoki, is topical because of its ecological message. - The opening feature of our Kino Forest retrospective, a tribute to the 150th anniversary of Metsähallitus (The Finnish Forest Administration), curated by Ms. Tuulikki Halla.

Jätkien ja tukkien valtamailla

In the Land of the Lumberjack. FI 1946. PC: Finlandia-Kuva. D: Yrjö Haapanen. Documentary. 10 min. Viewed at Cinema Orion, Helsinki, 2 Sep 2009. - Print ok. - A documentary on the Finnish lumbercamps in the North in the winter. Lumber industry was Finland's number one industry, but now it has changed. The whole work chain of the lumberjack now belongs to history; in the 1960s everything changed.

Wednesday, September 02, 2009

Stendhal: Le Rouge et le Noir (novel)

Le Rouge et le Noir; chronique du XIXe siècle / Punainen ja musta; kronikka XIX vuosisadalta. FR 1830. Finnish translation by J.A. Hollo / WSOY 1956 [the first edition of this translation. A previous translation into Finnish by Joel Lehtonen dates from 1929.]. This translation feels right, but I'm not able to compare it with the original text:
http://fr.wikisource.org/wiki/Le_Rouge_et_le_Noir

I read this novel for the first time and I found remarkable:
- the sense of history, the turbulence of the decades after the Revolution, the great movements of the recent generations all still valid during the Restoration
- the sense of society: Le Rouge et le Noir has been called the first class-conscious novel - after the Revolution, the aristocracy and the clerical estate are still mighty during the Restoration, but they are constantly afraid - the bourgeoisie has the financial power but not yet the social and political status which it deserves - Julien Sorel is the poor but talented provincial son of a sawyer
- the theme of corruption: the society is run by networks - corruption is rampant - influence is not based on justice and fairness
- the clerical world is also run by power games and evil machinations, including the power fight between the Jesuits and the Jansenists - clerical titles can be bought - the Church is also profoundly corrupt
- Julien Sorel as an anti-hero: he is not idealized by Stendhal - he has fatal weaknesses such as vanity and envy - his clerical career is pure opportunism - he knows the Bible by heart but does not believe in God - there is a line of development from Rastignac to Julien Sorel to Frédéric Moreau
- Le Rouge et le Noir is also a Bildungsroman of disillusionment - a deeply bitter one - and tragic, because Julien has both greatness and fatal weaknesses
- Julien Sorel is deeply loved by Madame de Rênal and Mathilde de Mole, but he is hardly worthy of either - both women have more strength of character than he does
- the story of the passion seems incredible to a modern reader, but it is full of surprises and elements of psychological credibility
- there is a line of development from Madame de Rênal to Emma Bovary to Anna Karenina - in her audacity of passion Madame de Rênal is close to Anna Karenina
- the style of Stendhal is concise, ironic, empathizing and yet with a fine sense of distance - in Stendhal's age, the writer was not afraid of blunt statements and generalizations - the writer's frankly subjective and partial statements I don't find inhibiting but on the contrary they provoke the reader to take a stand himself
- considering the current popularity of fantasy, I find historical novels like this as amazing and much more exciting, because the past is a foreign country

I have not seen film adaptations of Le Rouge et le Noir, the most essential of which is:
Le Rouge et le Noir / Punaista ja mustaa. FR/IT 1954. D: Claude Autant-Lara. SC: Jean Aurenche, Pierre Bost, Claude Autant-Lara. DP: Michael Kelber (Eastmancolor). CAST: Gérard Philipe (Julien Sorel), Danielle Darrieux (Madame de Rênal), Antonella Lualdi (Mathilde de Mole). 185 min